Lampedusa sland: The Beaches and what to see
The spectacular beaches of Lampedusa leave anyone speechless. Although not very well known at international level, they have few equals in the world. The coasts, all beautiful, have different shapes and all are worth at least one visit. The main beaches are those of Cala Croce, Guitgia and the famous Isola dei Conigli (literally “Rabbit Island”), one of the most beautiful in the Mediterranean Sea: its waters have an unmatched clarity and although very busy, there are many colorful fish, which reflect the warm sunshine of Lampedusa.
We must also mention the beaches of Cala Madonna and Cala Francese. All the mentioned beaches are located in the southern part of the island of Lampedusa. For those who prefer the rocks, will be spoiled for choice between Punta Sottile, Cala Creta and Cala Calandra (for the calm waters, this latter location is also known as the Dead Sea).
As if that were not enough, in Lampedusa there are also beautiful pebble beaches such as Cala Spugna, Cala Pisana, on the eastern side and the delightful Cala Pulcino, near Isola dei Conigli (literally “Rabbit Island”). The water is transparent, almost turquoise, along the entire coast of the island, very clean, and richly populated by sponges, vegetables (such as the characteristic sea lily) and a myriad of fishes.
For those who are not satisfied with the coast, but want to explore the Lampedusa seabed, will find a fantastic scenery, with its rich flora and fauna that is safeguarded by the Marine Protected Area Pelagie Islands in Lampedusa.
On the south-east side there is the so-called zone of Grottacce, where the very transparent waters allow us to see numerous examples of sea tomatoes and urchins, but also fish such as grouper, mullet and Coris julis.
In the north of Lampedusa, however, there are rocky seabed, tens of meters deep where it is not difficult to see amberjack, snapper and grouper. Further west there is the famous rock of Sacramento, a wonderful stack located in front of the famous cave of lovers, 50 meters high.
Lampedusa by Night
The cool evenings of Lampedusa combine the simplicity that has always characterized the island, with looking for fun that tourists inevitably require. In the evening you can eat out in one of the many bars located in Lampedusa: fresh fish skillfully cooked and served with genuine products, along with a glass of white wine. Then we move along Via Roma, where there are several bars and cafes to enjoy a few drinks or an ice cream.
For those who love the nightlife, there are also some music locals open until the early hours of the day, when in the background the beautiful sea of Lampedusa, resumes its crystal color at dawn.
Historical Background of Lampedusa
Traces of human settlements have been found in Lampedusa since prehistoric times, as evidenced by the necropolis discovered near the port. It was used by the Phoenicians as a docking point for the routes in the Mediterranean Sea but was never densely populated.
Only in the nineteenth century the Bourbons sought to establish settlers in Lampedusa, but destroying its habitat: vegetation, once very thick, was completely eradicated to use its wood. Being a strategic outpost of the Italian troops during the Second World War, suffered relentless bombing by Allied troops.