Dove si trova Caltanissetta

What to see in Caltanissetta

Caltanissetta is a modern and intriguing city, as well as the largest inland town in terms of population.

Situated above sinuous hill sat an altitude of 568 meters, it has a section of great interest in its historical center,where together with the major religious buildings,aristocratic palaces are imposed, a tangible sign of the importance Caltanissetta heldin the past.

Its name is derived from the Arabic “Qal-atnisa”, which means the Castle of women. Today called Pietrarossa Castle, located on a hill outside the town.

The celebrations of the Easter period are particularly felt, during the time in which the city to celebrates with typical processions a very scenic presentation of their faith, which for centuries has distinguished it.

The Museums in Caltanissetta

The Archaeological Museum of Caltanissetta, about 3 km from the center, has been housed since 2004 on Via Santo Spirito. Until 1993, the Civic Museum guarded artifacts from sites of Caltanissetta (Pietrarossa, San Giuliano, Palmintelli) and the nearby areas, like Mazarin and Contrada Sabucina.

The exhibit is divided into 5 different areas in which archaeological finds ranging from the Copper Age (III millennium BC) until the sixth AD are displayed. Ornamental objects are mainly presented, made of ceramic and metal, as well as beautifully decorated containers and several statuettes of deities of the time.

The Mineralogical Museum and Palaeontology of Zolfatara of Caltanissetta is a most unique example in all of Sicily. Housed at the Technical Institute, is a rich display of mined stones, especially stones of sulfur which in the past represented a major source of export for the Sicilian economy. The hard work for the research of the sulfur will be easily understood thanks to the reconstruction of a mine at the time.

Easter in Caltanissetta

Easter celebrations that take part in Caltanissetta embody the folkloristic Sicilian spirit par excellence, an event watch with curiosity and interest by many tourists and visitors.

The Real Maestranza opens the festivities on Holy Wednesday: representing the citizens of the orders, the ten tradecrafts that make it up go to the Cathedral to receive forgiveness of sins, each led by their captain. Atoned from their sins, the captain, representing an entire tradecraft, cuts off his black clothes to then adorn white clothing – symbol of purity.

Then the procession begins, which lasts until the afternoon with the arrival of the Varicedde.

The origin of the Real Maestranza dates back to the early nineteenth century, when, on a visit to Caltanissetta, the Bourbon King Ferdinand IV was impressed with the order and discipline of Maestranza. And from then on the city was known as “Real”.

Thursday night begins the most touching of the festivities, with the procession of the Mysteries, large papier-mâché floats depicting the phases of the martyrdom of Christ, are conducted through the streets of the city by 13 orders of the Real Maestranza.

On Friday, on the other hand the city units to celebrate the Black Christ, the oldest simulacrum in the city, the historic protector of the city and is still a symbol of theirintact faith, which Caltanissetta preserves. The golden palanquin is brought in procession with fogliamari, which in ancient times had to be sellers of medicinal herbs. Totally barefoot, they lead Christ through the city, chanting the “ladate” haunting cries of forgiveness in Sicilian and Latin.

Caltanissetta, present in all its forms of association, is embraced around the faith of Christ, in an atmosphere of faith and folklore which retains the essence of Sicily.

Historical Background of Caltanissetta

Archaeological finds show the presence of populations in antiquity, even if there isn’t any more detail news about it.

The city was conquered by the Normans after the long siege of the Castle of Pietrarossa in 1086 by Count Roger. He later became a bone of contention among the major lineages of Sicily: between the Chiaramonte and the Ventimiglia, who had got the better of the Moncada, who owned it from 1406 until 1812.

After the unification of Italy, the city of Caltanissetta found new vigor thanks to exploitation of the mining industry and the urban renewal of the inhabited center.

Caltanissetta Nightlife

The evenings run quiet in Caltanissetta, with a nice walk that are along the main streets of the historical center. In the city there are many reasonably priced pizza restaurants serving excellent dishes of the local cuisine.

For young people, the city and surrounding areas are not lacking pubs, clubs or discos where you can spend a sleepless night in the heart of Sicily.