Find out What to see in Enna
The Museums in Enna
The Regional Archaeological Museum of Enna is located at Varisano Palace, Piazza Martini: established in 1985, we can see within it interesting finds from the surrounding area, retracing the steps of the development of Enna, from its genesis until the modern age. Over 1556 finds are well preserved in the museum, and divided into ten rooms depending on their dating.
The building that houses the museum was made famous by Garibaldi, in which he pronounced the famous battle cry: Either Rome or Death!
The museum Alessi, right behind the Cathedral, owes its name to the founder Giuseppe Alessi who undertook collections of various kinds during the nineteenth century. Today, there are well-guarded secular paintings, Byzantine icons, a collection of coins of more than two thousand pieces and the so-called cathedral treasury, full of pieces of silver and a Crown of the Madonna, adorned with precious gems.
The multimedia museum Music Art 3M, in Via Roma, collects in a permanent virtual exhibition, more than 600 works by Sicilian artists or authors who developed a special bond with the island. All this is accompanied by a specifically made soundtrack. There are also photographs and costumes, as well as a reproduction of a volcanic crater.
Historical Background of Enna
Enna’s origins are very ancient: its construction dates back to the Sicani, who found shelter from the belligerent Sicilians, but it is possible that the mount had earlier settlements. They established good relations with the people of the southern coast of Sicily, while maintaining their own autonomy. Allied with Syracuse against Carthage, it fell into the hands of Punic control in the third century BC and was subsequently liberated by the Romans. They jumped at news of the rebellion led by the slave Euno against the army of Rome: the city rebelled against the Empire, was placed under siege and when resistance fell, the Roman legionaries massacred its population.
Conquered by the Arabs in 859, Enna maintained the focal role in the fate of Sicily. The Arabs translated the old Latin name Castrum Hennae (fortified camp of Enna) in Qasr Yannah, which was later, translated into Castrogiovanni, the name that the city held until 1927.
The Norman period left many testimonials to the importance of Enna in the Middle Ages: the Lombardy Castle and the Tower of Frederick II were part of a defensive complex which was built at the behest of the Norman sovereigns. During the rule of the Aragonese, Enna was the seat of the Sicilian Parliament, evidence of the consideration that the monarchs felt toward the city and its strategic position in the center of Sicily.
During the wars of independence, the city was always notable for its strong patriotic values: it was in fact among the first cities of Sicily to rise up against the Bourbons in 1860. Today Enna is an interesting town, with nearly 30,000 inhabitants also evolving thanks to the establishment of the Kore University, a beneficial influence for the entire surrounding area.