The Chocolate of Modica
The typical Sicilian specialty, the chocolate of Modica, has its origin on Sicilian ground thanks to the Spaniards who imported it to the county. The cocoa had been discovered by the “conquistatores” in Latin America who also passed on the way of processing as used overseas. Even today the cocoa mass composition is entirely maintained without changing the quantities of cocoa or butter. The only addition is the sugar which is worked at temperatures which do not allow the crystals to break down. This gives a compactness to the chocolate which distinguishes it from others.
With its distinctive and pure taste the chocolate finds more and more lovers among the visitors who tasted it. It is delicious enjoying it as it is, but it is also unique melted in hot beverages – above all in coffee .
Moreover the Modica-chocolate is characteristic for being aromatized in different ways from Cinnamon to Chili and from red wine “Nero d’Avola” to pistachios.
Historical Background of Modica
The first settlements of humans in the area of Modica date back to the Bronze Age (XVI century B.C.) when indigenous peoples considered the structure of the area as being advantageous. The original name was Murikà (which means stone, rock) and was probably coming from the local language.
Later during the Roman era the name was modified into Motyka. After the conquest by the Arab peoples Modica was distinguished by a commercial and an agricultural centre which had equal importance: with the help of the innovations introduced from the Orient fertility of the ground and the prosperity of the area could be incremented substantially.
At the end of the year 200 the county of Modica was founded: with increasing economic and political importance Modica experienced about three centuries of splendor. The different aristocracies alternated governing the feudal state, which in wealth and splendor was second to Palermo only.
The dramatic earthquake in 1693 caused drastic changes also to Modica: the town almost completely destroyed lost its charisma and its political importance which it had enjoyed in the past. The subsequent reconstruction gave the baroque appearance to Modica by which it is distinguished nowadays in a way that it had been declared part of the world cultural heritage in 2002.