The Archaeological area of Palazzolo Acreide
Located about 15 minutes from the historical center, the archaeological area of Palazzolo Acreide preserves the remains of Akrai, the first Syracusan out post in the Sicilian hinterland.
It reaches 770 meters from sea level, so it gives the chance to be able to scan the horizon to view Etna. Built in the seventh century BC, it was rediscovered in 1800 by studies conducted by a prominent baron of Palazzolo Acreide.
Historical Background of Palazzolo Acreide
Palazzolo Acreide owes its genesis to the expansionist ambitions of Syracuse, who in 664 BC placed it at the center of the most important transportation routes to control the south-western coasts. It’s in this period that Akrai stands out in southern Sicily for importance and prestige.
However, from the Roman period is a continuation of a gradual decline until the probable destruction by the Arab troops during the campaign for the conquest of Sicily. Rebuilt around a castle in the medieval period it increases its importance through the establishment of religious orders.
The progressive development Palazzolo Acreide was trying to achieve, however, is interrupted by the earthquake of 1693. The damages are enormous, but the new urban construction gives a new charm to the city, so as to take up its part of the UNESCO World Heritage in 2002.