The Archaeological Museum of Marsala
The archaeological museum of Marsala has its headquarters in the former rural farm Anselmo, which was recently restored. The Museum exhibits a wide variety of archaeological finds, recovered between Marsala and its surrounding areas.
The room on the left is devoted to the prehistoric period through archaeological evidence found on the island of Mozia: emphasizing the materials used in the Paleolithic, it houses a large vase and a funerary equipment. Another area is specific to findings of Mozia during the Carthaginian period.
The sectors overlooking ancient Marsala, Lilibeo, are different archeological finds that trace the history of the town for over four hundred years: with the funeral equipment of numerous ancient periods and objects of common use.
What makes a visit to the Archaeological Museum a must for lovers of history are the remains of a Carthaginian warship of the third century BC.
The wreckage is unique in the world: liburna was a boat small but agile, which had about 68 oars stations. From the original vessel, and jealously guarded, are the bow and a sidewall, on which are painted letters in the Phoenician-Punic languages, which perhaps was useful during assembly of the ship. In addition to the wreckage, were also recovered materials distinguished as anchors in iron and stone, pottery and even hashish, which were used in large quantities by the crews of the time to reduce the feeling of fatigue.
A little mystery also in regards to the nails, which although were in the water for over 2,300 years, showed no sign of oxidation: in-depth studies, which also have been carried out by NASA, scientists were unable to figure out which factor may have caused this phenomenon.
The Wine of excellence, the Marsala.
The wine industry has long been a fundamental part Marsala’s economy. This is due to the intuition of John Woodhouse and a Liverpool merchant who sensed the potential of the fortified Sicilian wine. Its organoleptic characteristics depend on the particular soil and a rather hot climate.
The wine, noble in flavor and delicate in scent, is aged in precious wooden barrels. Today, together with its classical variant of Marsala, you can taste flavored variants of almond, chocolate and coffee.
Historical Background of Marsala
The foundation of Marsala dates from the fourth century BC through the work of people of Carthaginian origin from the nearby Mozia, who fell under the dominion of Syracuse. Along with the peoples of the land was thus created Lilibeo (from the Greek, which looks to Libya), with massive fortifications, it was the last outpost of Carthage to fall at the hands of Rome.
During the Empire, the city became the most important harbor in the Mediterranean: however, after the collapse of the Roman Empire, Marsala went through a long period of decline, undergoing numerous lootings and pillaging by the Vandals and Goths.
It was with the arrival of the Arabs in 830, that Marsala went back to being the nerve center of the Mediterranean outpost for Muslim emigration to Europe, it reorganized its urban agglomeration according to Arabic models. This period had definitely affected the social fabric of the city of Marsala.
The May 11, 1860, the city of Marsala welcomed Garibaldi’s troops, who landed without any French resistance in Sicily. It was the beginning of the liberation of Sicily from Bourbon domination.
Marsala by Night
Marsala is a lively city all year round where the restaurants and taverns match the quality of the products of its Sicilian cuisine, with notable Arab influence, that here takes prominence in all things. Prices are very accessible. In addition, the city isn’t lacking in many great pubs and stylish bars.
For younger people, Marsala offers several solutions: from pubsand disco clubs to local places near the beaches during the summer.